Types of Cysts, Treatment and Prevention

Cysts are sac-like sealed pockets of tissue that may be filled with a fluid or semi solid substance. Cysts are commonly found beneath the skin. They can appear like large pea-sized lumps under the skin’s surface. These cysts could disappear on their own after a while or increase in size. When they are popped, they usually produce whitish or yellowish fluid. Although most cysts are painless and non-cancerous, they usually cause a lot of concern and distraction. Hence, most people with cysts desire to get rid of them through a process known as cyst popping. Many interesting and entertaining videos on popping cysts are available on www.cystpopping.com. Here is a brief description of the types of cysts and their treatment as well as some tips on cyst prevention.

Types of Cysts

Medical experts have discovered many type of cysts in the human body. They have also classified them in various groups based on their location and how they are formed. Some of the popular types of cysts include:

  • Epidermoid cysts: These cysts develop when the cells on the skin surface, which should come off periodically, move down into the skin and begin to increase in number. These skin cells create the wall of the cyst and then fill the cyst with a yellowish substance known as keratin.
  • Sebaceous cysts: They are formed inside glands which secrete sebum, an oily substance that is supposed to lubricate the skin. If sebum becomes trapped in the glands, they can grow into a capsule and be filled with a cheese-like substance. These cysts are commonly found on the scalp, upper part of the back, and at the back of the neck.
  • Ganglion cysts: These are soft swellings that develop around the wrist. Ganglion cysts may be formed due to an injury that caused excess joint fluid to accumulate in a pouch right next to the wrist joint. Sometimes this kind of cyst may show up on fingers or on the feet.
  • Baker’s cyst: This is a collection of joint fluid that appears behind the bend the knee joint. In many people, this cyst is connected with knee injury and arthritis. Baker’s cyst may cause the knee joint to feel tight or swollen.
  • Bartholin’s cyst: When one of the Bartholin glands in the vagina gets infected or when there’s a build-up of secretions, it can make the gland swell up and develop a cyst. The Bartholin glands are meant to secrete a protective fluid to lubricate the vaginal canal.
  • Ovarian cyst: These cysts are formed when egg sacs don’t break open properly or when they don’t dissolve completely during the menstrual cycle. They can also be formed when the kind of tissue that is found within the uterus suddenly appears in other parts of the body. Ovarian cysts may disappear on their own or grow big and affect the entire ovary.
  • Chalazions: This kind of cyst is caused by inflamed or clogged glands that show up on the skin surrounding the eyes or on the eyelids. Sometimes chalazions look like pimples. Due to frequent contact with infected hands, these chalazions can become infected and increase in size.

Cyst Treatment

The type of treatment used for a cyst depends on the kind of cyst, its symptoms and location. Here is a brief outline of the treatment methods used for sebaceous cysts and other kinds of skin cysts.

Sebaceous cysts are generally harmless but sometimes they may become red, infected and painful. When this happens, you should seek medical attention. The most common form of treatment for a sebaceous cyst is minor surgery. This may be done in form of a minimal excision, punch biopsy excision, or a wide incision. Antibiotics are usually administered before and after the surgery. But very small cysts may be treated by injecting steroids directly into the cysts. 

Although home treatment is not recommended because of the risk of infection, applying a warm moist pad or cloth for about 20 minutes, three or four times per day for a couple of days, can cause the inflammation to stop. Refrain from puncturing, scratching or squeezing the affected area and use antibacterial soap to keep it clean. The cyst may eventually drain out on its own. But it is always better to consult your physician if you notice any lump or swelling under your skin.

Cyst Prevention

Some medical experts claim that cysts cannot be prevented, especially when they are caused by genetic factors. But there are ways to minimize their occurrence. In particular the occurrence of various types of cysts can be greatly reduced by applying the following tips:

  • Clean your face twice daily with a good face wash or mild cleanser to prevent the accumulation of dirt and germs that can block or infect the glands on your facial skin.
  • Exfoliate your skin to clean the pores and take off dead cells. You can do this by massaging it with small circular motions. 
  • Use non-greasy products for facial make-up to minimize the risk of cyst formation. Cyst prevention can also be enhanced through the use of non-comedogenic cosmetics which do not clog the facial pores.
  • Avoid excessive exposure to the sun-rays because it promotes the secretion of excess sebum which can easily cause the development of sebaceous cysts.
  • Take at least 500 mg or more vitamin C daily. Vitamin C is a well-known antioxidant which reduces inflammation and prevents the accumulation of toxic substances in the body. It also boosts the immune system and helps to prevent infection.
  • Take the FDA recommended quantity of vitamin A daily. Good sources of vitamin A include fruits like carrots and papaya. The presence of vitamin A prevents the growth of infection and bacteria in glands, ducts, tissues and organs.

Conclusion

Those are some of the vital facts you need to know about cysts, cysts popping, treatment and prevention. If you discover a lump underneath your skin which is about the size of a peanut, you should get in touch with your healthcare provider as soon as you can. Although we provide very interesting cyst popping videos on www.cystpopping.com, as well as other content, we only provide it for informational and entertainment purposes. Visiting your physician is still the safest and best way to diagnose and treat any health condition.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email